header by Emerson Taymor, 2005

1. The Colonial Era: 1607-1763

2. The Revolutionary Era: 1763-1789

3. The Early National Period: 1789-1824

4. Jacksonian America: 1824-1848

5. Antebellum America: 1848-1860

6. The Civil War Era: 1861-1877

7. The Gilded Age: 1877-1901

8. Progressivism: 1901-1920

9. The Twenties

10. Depression and New Deal: 1929-1939

11. World War II: 1939-1945

12. Early Cold War: 1945-1963

13. Social Ferment: 1945-1960

14. The Sixties

15. The Seventies and After




The Twenties

historians on the 20s, from Conflicting Historical Viewpoints: Were the 20s Roaring and Reactionary?; Lawrence Levine, "Progress and Nostalgia: The Self Image of the 1920s" (1993); E Pluribus Unum: understanding the 1920s culture wars

Becoming Modern: a range of 1920s primary sources, from the National Humanities Center

The Nation, articles from the 1920s

selected articles from the Oakland Tribune, Feb. 26, 1926

W.M. Black pleads for aid for Montana's farmers (1921)


excerpts from the New York Age, June 19, 1926

African-American urban population, 1910-1960; Marcus Garvey, Fundamentals of African Nationalism; Marcus Garvey, "Africa for the Africans" (1921); Alain Locke, "The New Negro" (1925); historian Steven Hahn on Garveyism, from The Political Worlds of Slavery and Freedom (2009);  sayings of Marcus Garvey; poems from the Harlem Renaissance

Carter Woodson and the beginnings of black history and black history month (1922); Kambiz GhaneaBassiri on African-American secret societies, from A History of Islam in America (2010)

The Nation on the Tulsa race riot, 1921; Brent Staples, "Unearthing": NY Times coverage (1999)

Harding: the first black president? Nope: but DNA tests show Harding did father a child out of wedlock

examples of Jim Crow laws from Florida and Georgia


Margaret Sanger advocates "free motherhood" (1920); William Leuchtenberg, "The Revolution in Morals" (1958)

visual map of Greenwich Village culture

Jazz Age Culture: images and events from the 20s (particularly good on flappers, but really lots of pictures of everything)

Elsie Hill and Florence Kelley debate the ERA (1922); Dorothy Dunbar Bromley, "Feminist: New Style" (1927); historian Nancy Cott on the debate over the ERA 


C.D. Smith mocks Americans looking for liquor in Canada (1925); historian Lisa McGirr on the KKK and Prohibition, from The War Against Alcohol: Prohibition and the Rise of the American State (2016)

Tove Danovich, How Prohibition Led to the Creation of NASCAR, Gastro Obscura (2019)

map of Chicago gangs, 1927 


personal-insuffiency ads; viewers' movie diaries from the 20s

Grantland Rice on the "four horsemen of Notre Dame," 1924

movie ads: Paramount (1920); Bluebeard's 8th Wife (1923); Uncle Tom's Cabin (1927); Chronicle movie-listing page from 1926

a current-day hobbyist drives a 1930 Model A Ford every day for a year; his blog


Elisa Silva describes Mexican immigrant life in the 1920s; Rose Hum Lee complains about stereotypes of Chinese-Americans (1927); Vivek Bald on Bengali sailors on strike in the 1920s, from Bengali Harlem (2013); Ernesto Galarza defends Mexican immigrants (1929); the SF Chronicle covers a beauty pageant in Chinatown, 1927, and Chinese telephone operators, 1929

contemporary commentary on immigration and political cartoons; Senator Ellison DuRant Smith calls for immigration restriction (1924); US Congressman John Box warns of the dangers of Mexican migration (1928); David Reed, "America of the Melting Pot Comes to [an] End," New York Times (1924); 1920s immigration restrictions in contemporary context

Hiram Wesley Evans, The Klan's Fight for Americanism (1926); historian Linda Gordon, from The Second Coming of the KKK (2018): the KKK as a commercial organization; Klan feminism; the Klan and today's politics
Who Was Shut Out?: immigration quotas, 1925-1927

anti-Catholic images of Al Smith, from the 1928 campaign

David Atkinson, "Trump's Views on Immigration Aren't as Bad as Those in the 1920s. They're Worse," Washington Post (Jan. 14, 2018)